Python warning - mutable object as default parameter


list as default parameter

def f(a, L=[]):
    return L

print f(1)
print f(2)
print f(3)


[1, 2]
[1, 2, 3]

suggestion / solution

def f(a, L=None):
    if L is None:
        L = []
    return L

Important warning: The default value is evaluated only once. This makes a difference when the default is a mutable object such as a list, dictionary, or instances of most classes. For example, the following function accumulates the arguments passed to it on subsequent calls: check out more details:

- 2016-03-29 edit